No. E2011002:Exports and Credit Constraints under Incomplete Information:Theory and Evidence from China

 date:2011-4-27 18:38:00 source:BiMBA         

Robert Feenstra[2] Zhiyuan Li[3] Miaojie Yu[4]

No. E2011002 April 26, 2011

[Abstract] This paper examines why credit constraints for domestic and exporting firms arise in a setting where banks do not observe firms' productivities. To maintain incentive-compatibility, banks lend below the amount needed for first-best production. The longer time needed for export shipments induces a tighter credit constraint on exporters than on purely domestic firms, even in the exporters' home market. Greater risk faced by exporters also affects the credit extended by banks. Extra fixed costs reduce exports on the extensive margin, but can be offset by collateral held by exporting firms. The empirical application to Chinese firms strongly supports these theoretical results, and we find a sizable impact of the financial crisis in reducing exports.

Key words: Export, Credit Constraint, Asymmetric Information, Heterogeneous Productivity, Chinese Firms

JEL: F1, F3, D9, G2

No. E2011002.pdf

[1] We thank Kyle Bagwell, Kalina Monova, Larry Qiu, and participants at the NBER, Harvard, University of Vitoria, University of Queensland, Tsinghua University for their helpful comments and suggestions. Financial support from the National Science Foundation and Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71003010) are gratefully acknowledged.

[2]Department of Economics, University of California-Davis and NBER. Email:

[3]School of Economics, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, China. Email:

[4]China Center for Economic Research (CCER), Peking University, Beijing, China. Email:


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